Nursing Statistics and Evidence-Based Practice (Case study)

Case Study: Opioid-induced Constipation
You work in a pediatric surgical practice. You notice that children are frequently seen postdischarge for complaints of abdominal distress and constipation. You suspect opioid-induced
constipation. Your practice has no related practice policies.
Questions: What can you discover about opioid-induced constipation in your own practice and in
general? Should your practice have a related policy? If not, why not? If so, what should the policy be?
Data
Data from your practice 2009-present. Please calculate statistics from the data.
Related articles: Only examples.
http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa0707377#t=articleResults
http://pain-topics.org/pdf/Managing_Opioid-Induced_Constipation.pdf
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1974804/
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16207320
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15561393
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19662923
http://www.intechopen.com/books/statistics/constipation-causes-diagnosis-andtreatment/etiopathogenesis-incidence-and-diagnosis-of-opioid-induced-constipation
What other sources are available to you?
You must use the data from each research article to calculate statistics (i.e, range, mean, mode,
median, SD etc). You must write at least 2 pages including the following elements:
Please do research and utilize other sources.
Grading rubric
1. Use of credible sources. Make sure that your (minimum of 2) sources are scholarly, current,
and credible.
2. Analysis of applicability of research studies to target population. Any studies cited in support of
your work must be discussed in light of their appropriateness for your patients.
3. Use of statistics to describe the scope of the problem of opioid-induced constipation.
4. Description of the problem, background information, and recommended solution.
5. Use of APA format.
6. You must include the 7 research articles that are listed above in the paper and then use an
additional 2 research articles to answer the questions and complete the paper.

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