Does democracy facilitate economic reform?

Does democracy facilitate economic reform?

Hence, after the collapse of the communist regime on the territory of the former USSR, it was natural that it was replaced by democracy. The process of democratization, the transition from authoritarianism to liberal democracy, included in itself creation on new political structures, adoption of multiparty elections, transition from a command to market economy; creation of new institutions, supported by creation and implementation of a new legal framework.
Intro of political and economic reforms in the post-communist countries of the former Soviet Union and the Eastern Europe was simultaneous – both from the desire of citizens to live in a democratic society and integrate with the West, on social, political and economic levels, and pressure from the West itself, international organizations, such as IM or the Bank, as well as EU, which holds democracy as a requisite for accession negotiations.

The Adelphi Lads Club and Ragged School Salford originally opened its doors to the children

The Adelphi Lads Club and Ragged School Salford originally opened its doors to the children. The Adelphi Lads Club & Ragged School, Salford, originally opened its doors to the children of
Salford in 1888 with the aim of raising aspirations by directing their “energies into channels more
elevating than congregating in gangs on street corners”.
The old club situated at 49 Cannon Street, Salford (“the Site”), has now fallen into disrepair and
was due to be sold (with full planning permission for residential use) by public auction with a
Guide Price of £900,000 before being suddenly withdrawn from sale and sold privately.

The mystery purchaser is an entrepreneur (and former CLDR student of the University of Salford),
sole shareholder and CEO of a development company called Salgirl Limited (“the Employer”).
Salgirl entered into a contract with Ting Ting Construction Limited (“the Contractor”) on 03
February 2022 for the refurbishment of the former Adelphi Lads Club & Ragged School (“the
Works”) under a JCT Standard Building Contract With Quantities 2016 (“JCT SBC/Q 2016”) form
of contract (“the Contract”) to create a number of luxury residential shell spaces within the
extended old building which were to be sold off for profit.
Incorporated into the Contract Documents was a Refurbishment / Demolition Asbestos
Containing Material Survey (“Asbestos Survey”) which confirmed that whilst asbestos had been
identified in the existing derelict structure, following the stripping out of the asbestos by a
specialist asbestos removal contractor, Era Merewether Limited, all asbestos had been eliminated
and the Site was certified as being “fit for reoccupation”.
Included in the Contract Particulars was a Date for Completion of 27 May 2022 and included in
those particulars was the following statement relating to liquidated damages:
“…liquidated damages are £2,750 per day…”
On 25 February 2022 the mechanical & electrical subcontractor, Jamal, uncovered material in the
basement of the Site which appeared to be asbestos.
Ting Ting’s construction manager immediately suspended work in the affected areas of the Site
and requested an instruction from Weasley LLP (“the Contract Administrator”) who issued a
written instruction requiring Ting Ting to immediately arrange tests on the suspect material and
to then “…remove all asbestos containing material in order that the Works can be completed by
the Date for Completion…”
Era Merewether Limited returned to the Site and confirmed that the suspicious material
contained asbestos fibres and advised Ting Ting that, due to the location of the material, it would
be difficult to remove and that they would only be willing to carry out the safe removal of the
asbestos for Ting Ting on a dayworks basis.
Ting Ting gave notice to Weasley in accordance with the Contract requesting an extension of time
and payment of loss and expense.
By the time the remaining asbestos containing material has been removed a delay to the
Completion Date of 10 days had occurred.
At a subsequent site valuation the Contractor’s graduate quantity surveyor included an item
under the Variation section for the removal of the asbestos based upon daywork sheets signed
by the Clerk of Works.
The Quantity Surveyor rejected the valuation of the asbestos removal on the basis of dayworks
and referred to a clause contained in the Preliminaries section of the Contract Bills which states:
“…No work will be valued on a daywork basis unless written notice of the commencement of
daywork is given to the Contract Administrator…”

The Quantity Surveyor quite rightly points out that whilst proper notice in relation to extensions
of time and loss and expense were submitted by Ting Ting, no such notice relating to any dayworks
was given.
After completion of the Works Ting Ting receives a letter from Weasley responding to Ting Ting’s
request for an extension of time and loss and expense in relation to the asbestos issue which
stated.
“…I refer to your requests for an extension of time and loss and expense relating to the discovery
of asbestos. Whilst I am sympathetic to your predicament, I have been reminded by the
Employer’s commercial director that you should have been aware at the time of entering into the
Contract that, given the age of the building, there was always a likely to be more asbestos in the
basement. I am therefore instructed that you accepted the time and money risk associated with
this problem when you signed the Contract.
In the circumstances I have no alternative but to reject your requests for an extension of time and
loss and expense.
Accordingly, as the Works achieved practical completion 10 days after the Completion Date, I
regret to inform you that the Employer intends to deduct liquidated damages in the sum of
£27,500 from your final payment…”
Ting Ting has now discovered that Gladys Althorpe, the CEO of Salgirl, has taken over
responsibility for all Salgirl’s commercial affairs and instructed her team to apply to Salford City
Council for a change of use to the completed Works. Rather than sell the luxury residential shell
spaces, she has now opened the doors of the building to homeless people providing health,
education and free hot meals.
Task:
You are required to prepare a report of 2,500 words in length (the word count excludes the
list of references, list of cases, any bibliography and cover sheet) which provides advice to
Ting Ting in relation to the legal position with regard to the following:
a) Whether Ting Ting is entitled to be paid additional monies in respect of the removal of the
asbestos and, if so, what the basis of the valuation should be.
b) Whether, in principle, Ting Ting is entitled to an adjustment to the Completion Date and
to payment for loss and expense in respect of the discovery of asbestos.
c) Whether Weasley’s response to the request for an extension of time and loss and expense
is correct and appropriate.
d) Whether, in principle, Salgirl might be entitled to deduct liquidated damages of £27,500.
Sections (a) – (d) above carry equal weighting in the overall mark.

Your advice should be fully supported by reference to relevant provisions of JCT SBC/Q 2016
together with relevant caselaw and any authorities in statute which should all be cited and
referenced in accordance with the Harvard (APA 7
th) style of referencing.
Please also include separate lists of cases and / or statutes (if any) referred to in alphabetical
order.
Whilst every effort has been taken to make the technical aspects of the problem plausible, it is
possible that you may believe as a result of your own personal expertise and knowledge that the
given scenario is unrealistic. Such beliefs are irrelevant to this assignment and you must address
the scenario as set out above.
You need not consider the implications of the legislation relating to the control of asbestos and
/ or planning.
Assessed intended learning outcomes
On successful completion of this assessment, you will be able to:
Knowledge and Understanding In terms of exceeding the word count,
1. Demonstrate a theoretical and practical understanding of the reasons why disputes arise in
the construction industry and the various mechanisms for avoiding and resolving them.
2. Explain the various principles of substantive law which are relevant to disputes in the
construction industry.
3. Demonstrate an understanding of how these legal principles influence professional practice
within the industry.
4. Apply relevant principles of law to a range of problem scenarios and provide articulate and
logical solutions.
5. Critically evaluate the appropriateness of current professional practice in the context of
relevant legal rules and identify areas requiring reform.
Practical, Professional or Subject Specific Skills:
1. Dealing with a challenging real – life scenario that might manifest itself in industry
including collating various issues from technical, contractual, legal and factual
perspectives.
2. Providing reasoned advice in industry.
Module Aims
1. To introduce students to the nature and causes of disputes between contracting parties and
stakeholders in the construction industry and the various mechanisms for dispute avoidance
and resolution.
2. To further develop students’ knowledge of construction law and dispute resolution within an
industry context reflecting the commercial realities of the construction industry in the UK
and reflecting the international nature of construction.
3. To raise students’ commercial awareness and to consider risk management from a
commercial perspective.

Word count
Your assessment should be a maximum of 2,500 words which includes case names and extracts
from all sources. Every word from the start of the advice to the end of the advice counts
towards the word count. References and lists of cases are not included in the word count.
No Appendices to the report are permitted. In terms of the effect of exceeding the word count,
please see the Assessment Criteria relating to brevity, effectiveness and clarity of: writing style,
advice and structure. At this stage of their literacy development, the aim is for students to
decide for themselves the appropriate split of words between each section.

Should college athletes get paid?

Should college athletes get paid? Why should college athletes get paid? Should college athletes be paid? How much would this cost? Alternatively, should college athletes be turned professional? Consider the far-reaching consequences of the policy, whichever it may be.
Minimum 1,500 words, not including the citations.

A clearly stated thesis: this means you will state, in a sentence that can be underlined, the position regarding the topic that you will defend. In other words, your thesis is the central & overall contention regarding the issue.

Do not merely repeat the general topic, but state an arguable position that the rest of your composition will explain, defend, and support. A well-structured presentation: this means the information in your summary is ordered in a logical and coherent design.

College athletes perform for the college in various athletic events. College athletes are students who are also undertaking various programs. Every college has its athletes who represent them in competitions during athletic events. The essay is about whether these college athletes should be paid? Argue for not whether college athletes should be paid.

Transnational Families

Transnational Families

To increase your ability to articulate in writing a critical perspective on a contemporary global issue using evidence as support, you will write 1250 word paper focused on transnational families and poverty, incorporating evidence from the textbook, Sacrificing families: Navigating laws, labor, and love across borders, and at least one additional source. Your paper should explain the relationships among gender, poverty and immigration, using El Salvador and the United States as a case example.

Instructions
Your paper should contain the following sections:

Introduction:
Begin your paper with a discussion of the worldwide division of labor and how El Salvador and the United States fit into the global stratification system.

How has the history and social context of El Salvador helped to push it’s citizens out of the country? How have U.S. policies encouraged and discouraged Salvadorian migration?
End this section with an organizing thesis or question.

Body of the paper (no section headings are required):
Describe the gendered nature of immigration. How are motherhood and fatherhood understood in El Salvador, and how do these beliefs influence the reasons for why mothers and fathers migrate to the United States? How do mothers and fathers fare in the United States (include examples related to their physical, social and financial well-being). How do gendered expectations of the parenting role influence how much mothers and fathers send back to their families in El Salvador?

How do U.S. immigration policies and workforce practices influence the experiences mothers, fathers, and their transnational families have? Be sure to discuss the varieties of experiences parents have both in their journeys to the United States, their abilities to return to El Salvador, and their ability to provide for their families.
What are the consequences of migration for children, parents, and extended families?

Conclusion:
Provide your analysis of whether family separation is worth it, providing examples for your reasoning.

 

Risk communication system in disaster management

Risk communication system in disaster management

Distributed data delivery and resource management algorithms for disaster management.

the name of the ” “risk communication system in disaster management ”

Research areas are Communications.

 

Frustration-aggression hypothesis and the symbolic interactionist theory of prejudice

Frustration-aggression hypothesis and the symbolic interactionist theory of prejudice

Describe the frustration-aggression hypothesis and the symbolic interactionist theory of prejudice.

  • 5 pages
  • APA format
  • 3 sources

 

Military Drug Free Workplace

Military Drug Free Workplace

Write a 3-5 page paper using APA format related to creating a drug free workplace and describe a policy that you have in your department addressing this issue.

If you have no policy, what elements are important to have in this type of policy?

  • 4-5 pages
  • APA style
  • 3 sources

Functionalist perspectives on culture with the conflict perspectives

Functionalist perspectives on culture with the conflict perspectives

Compare and contrast the functionalist perspectives on culture with the conflict perspectives.

  • 4-5 pages
  • MLA style
  • 3 sources

Global poverty human development life expectancy health education and literacy

Global poverty human development life expectancy health education and literacy

How is global poverty related to key human development issues such as life expectancy, health, education, and literacy?

Discuss.

  • 8-10 pages
  • MLA format
  • 5-7 scholarly sources including  books and journals
  • Use only recent sources
  • Make the essay perfect and original

Advantages and disadvantages of UEFI

Advantages and disadvantages of UEFI

UEFI
Use the Internet to research UEFI. What are its advantages? What are its disadvantages? What criticisms have been leveled against it? Do you agree with the criticism? Write a one-page paper on your findings.
Write at least a one-two page paper of your research.
INSTRUCTIONS
1. For each answer, please explain your reasoning.
2. Assignments must be in Microsoft Word and submitted as an attachment.
3. Each assignment has to be 1-2 page long.
4. Ensure you check your assignment for grammar and spelling.
5. Be careful with plagiarism.
6. Remember to cite resources.